At least seven individuals in Iran are under sentence of death in connection with nationwide protests, with dozens of others also at risk.
The authorities have violated their fair trial rights and subjected many to torture and other ill-treatment, including floggings, electric shocks, death threats and sexual violence.
Amid a spike in executions since late April, on 19 May, authorities arbitrarily executed tortured protesters Majid Kazemi, Saeed Yaghoubi and Saleh Mirhashemi in Esfahan, who were unjustly convicted and sentenced to death.
At least seven are currently under the sentence of death and at grave risk of execution. They are Ebrahim Narouie, Kambiz Kharout, Manouchehr Mehman Navaz, Mansour Dahmardeh, Mohammad Ghobadlou, Mojahed (Abbas) Kourkour and Shoeib Mir Baluchzehi Rigi. At least four others –Mahan Sadrat (Sedarat) Madani, Mansour Hout, Mohammad Boroughani, Nezamoldin Hout – are facing retrials on capital charges after their convictions and death sentences were quashed by the Supreme Court and their cases returned to lower courts. Amnesty International is aware of at least three others – Saeed Shirazi, Abolfazl Mehri Hossein Hajilou, and Mohsen Rezazadeh Gharegholou – who have undergone trial on charges that carry the death penalty. Dozens of others are being investigated for capital crimes brought in relation to the protests.
The aforementioned individuals have faced grossly unfair trials before Revolutionary Courts and/or Criminal Courts across the country. The rights violated include the right to: adequate defence and access to lawyers of their choosing; the presumption of innocence; remain silent; meaningfully challenge the legality of their detentions and receive a fair, public hearing. Amnesty International has documented the torture and other ill-treatment of nine of the individuals named above, through beatings, floggings, electric shocks, suspension upside down, sexual violence and deliberate denial of healthcare. The authorities have used torture-tainted “confessions”, some of which were broadcast on state media prior to trials, as evidence to issue convictions.
To date, the authorities have arbitrarily executed seven people in connection with the protests after grossly unfair trials marred by torture allegations.
Since late April 2023, the Iranian authorities have embarked on an alarming execution spree of scores of people, intensifying their use the death penalty as a tool of repression in an attempt to instil fear into the population and crush ongoing acts of resistance against the authorities and establishment.
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