Responding to the news that French prosecutors have issued arrest warrants for three senior Syrian government and intelligence officials on charges of torture, enforced disappearances, crimes against humanity and war crimes, Amnesty International’s Senior Director for Research Anna Neistat said:
“These arrest warrants for three senior officials, including a top adviser to President Bashar al-Assad, are an important step towards delivering justice for the countless victims of gross human rights violations carried out by the Syrian government.
“With war crimes and crimes against humanity continuing to go unpunished in Syria, it is vital that all states cooperate to ensure justice for victims. This includes enforcing universal and other forms of jurisdiction to investigate and prosecute, in their own courts, suspected perpetrators of atrocities.
“The international community should follow France’s lead by taking steps, wherever possible, to end impunity in the Syria conflict and hold all parties to account.”
The wanted Syrian officials have been named as director of the National Security Bureau Ali Mamlouk; head of Airforce Intelligence Jamil Hassan, who is already the subject of a German arrest warrant; and head of the Air Force Intelligence Investigative Branch at Mezzeh military airport, Abdel Salam Mahmoud.
The arrest warrants were issued following a case filed in France in 2016 by Obeida Dabbagh, whose brother and nephew, Mazen and Patrick Abdelkader Dabbagh, dual Syrian-French nationals, were arrested and forcibly disappeared by Syrian Airforce Intelligence in Damascus in November 2013.
In July 2018, the Dabbagh family obtained documents from the Syrian government indicating that Mazen and Patrick had died in November 2017 and January 2014 respectively.
More than 80,000 people have been subjected to enforced disappearance by the Syrian government since the start of the conflict.
Amnesty International is calling on international leaders to support a UN Security Council referral of the situation in Syria to the International Criminal Court, and to cooperate fully with the International, Impartial and Independent Mechanism to assist in investigating and prosecuting crimes under international law in Syria.