Expulsions at any cost
This flawed screening leads to some people being classed as ‘irregular migrants’ and given orders to leave, although they may well have grounds to claim asylum.
Furthermore, encouraged by the EU, Italy is increasingly engaging in dangerous bilateral deals with third countries that allow people to be returned to places where they may be at risk of serious human rights abuses.
A new agreement was signed by the Italian and Sudanese police authorities in August 2016, deepening the cooperation between the two countries regarding migrant flows and borders, including on the repatriation of irregular Sudanese migrants.
While the agreement does not permit the return of someone who has requested asylum in Italy, the identification process required is so superficial that could lead to the rapid transfer to Sudan of people who, though not having submitted a request for asylum in Italy, nonetheless risk facing severe human rights violations if returned. This deal must be scrapped.
Italian authorities must ensure that people are only sent back after a proper assessment of the risks they would face, and that no-one is returned to somewhere they will face persecution, torture or other serious human rights violations.